From speech and language recognition click systems to automated decision-making software, a multitude of technologies is being used and tested in migration and asylum measures. These tools can assist streamline bureaucratic processes and expedite decisions, benefitting government authorities and some migrant workers, but they also make new vulnerabilities that require new governance frameworks.
Refugees encounter numerous obstructions as they try to find a safe house in a fresh country, wherever they can build a lifestyle for themselves. To achieve this, they need to experience a protected way of proving who they are in order to access interpersonal services and work. One of these is Everest, the world’s earliest device-free global payment method platform that helps refugees to verify the identities with no need for newspaper documents. Additionally, it enables them to make savings and assets, in order to become self-sufficient.
Other technology tools can help boost refugees’ employment qualified prospects by matching them with interests where they are going to flourish. Germany’s Match’In project, for instance, uses an algorithm fed with relevant info on number municipalities and refugees’ specialist experience to use all of them in places that they are likely to find jobs.
But such technologies can be subject to personal privacy concerns and opaque decision-making, potentially ultimately causing biases or perhaps errors that could lead to expulsions in violation of foreign law. And moreover to the risks, they can produce additional limitations that stop refugees by reaching their particular final destination – the safe, welcoming nation they desire to live in. A/Prof. Ghezelbash is known as a senior lecturer in refugee and migration law on the University of recent South Wales (UNSW). He leads the Access to Proper rights & Technology stream within the Allen’s Centre for Law, Technology and Innovation. His research ranges the areas of law, calculating, anthropology, foreign relations, politics science and behavioural psychology, each and every one informed by his have refugee qualifications.